Persepolis (Greek, “City of the Persians”), is one of the ancient capitals of Persia, established by Darius in the late 6th century BC. Its remains lie 56 km (35 mi) northeast of Shiraz, Iran.

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The site of Persepolis consists of the remains of several monumental buildings on a vast artificial stone terrace about 450 by 300m (1,480 by 1,000 ft). A double staircase, wide and shallow enough for horses to climb, led from the plains  below to the top of the terrace. At the head of the staircase, visitors passed through the Gate of Xerxes, a gatehouse guarded by enormous carved stone bulls.

The largest building at Persepolis, the Apadana, stood to the right of the gatehouse; it could hold 10,000 people. Massive stone columns supported the Apadana’s roof; Thirteen of the main 72 columns remains standing today. Each column rose nearly 20m (66ft) high and had vertical channels.

Next to the Apadana was the Throne Hall, the second largest building at Persepolis. It is also known as the Hundered Column Hall after the 100 columns the supported its roof. These columns were made of wood, and only their stone bases survive.

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